1246every person not yet baptized and only such a person is able to be baptized.
 
INFANT BAPTISM
1250Born with a fallen human nature and tainted by original sin, children also have need of the new birth in Baptism to be freed from the power of darkness and brought into the realm of the freedom of the children of God, to which all men are called.  The sheer gratuitousness of the grace of salvation is particularly manifest in infant Baptism.  the Church and the parents would deny a child the priceless grace of becoming a child of God were they not to confer Baptism shortly after birth.

 

adult baptism
1247since the beginning of the church, adult baptism is the common practice where the proclamation of the gospel is still new.  the catechumenate (preparation for baptism) therefore occupies an important place.  this initiation into christian faith and life should dispose the catechumen to receive the gift of god in baptism, confirmation and the eucharist.

 

 

(excerpts taken from the Catechism of the Catholic Church;

copyright © 1994 Concacan Inc., Canada)